10. Temaatikaga seotud kirjandus


Sellesse peatükki on koondatud kirjandus, mida teose koostamisel kasutati ning mis on seotud rahvaloendusega. Lisaks viidatud kirjandusele sisaldab loetelu ka materjale, mis olid vajalikud üldise tausa loomiseks. Loetelust on välja jäetud GISide ja kartograafiaalane kasutatud, kuid viitamata kirjandus, kuna see oleks ülevaatlikkust vähendanud.

Loetelu eesmärgiks on koondada rahvaloendust ja GISe (või kaarte) käsitlev materjal abiks edasistele uurijatele. Levinud kirjanduseviidete andmebaasides saaks analoogilise tulemuse päringuga census and (GIS or map* or cartograph*).

 

 

AU: Banovec , Tomaz

TI: Republic of Slovenia -- Records and statistics as the basis for determination of spheres of regions and the basis for calculation of regional accounts.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: Slovenia has a population of about 2 million inhabitants who live on the territory of 20 216 sq. km; the average height of the territory is a little above 520 meters, the average inclination of slopes is over 25% and only some people live and work on heights of above 500 m. In the new Business Register there are registered about 150 00 business subjects that are of economical and thus also of statistical importance. All the social and business life is being held in about 490 000 business bildings and residential buildings. Slovenia has been setting up its register oriented statistics during the last 20 years. At present the National Statistical Institution (hereinafter: NSI) coordinates and in part also implements two thirds (2/3) of 430 titles of current statistical surveys. The NSI also indirectly coordinates the setting up and linking of emerging new administrative registers and some of them are being managed by the NSI as its para-statistical activity. Bearing in mind the many years of work that was implemented, such orientation facilitated that individual evidently closely observed objects (a person, an enterprise or similar associations, buildings, etc.) are adequately identified and are referential in their adequate analytical places (geo-code, socio-code, business-code, etc.) and are linked in relations (topology, ect.). Observed objects that are linked as mentioned enable mutual transfers of interesting attributes and also for actual analysis required attributes into various analytical places and among them and above all for multi-purpose use of data that are otherwise collected in various different administrative data bases and those data bases that are similar to them. Thus, Slovenia practically also implements the Recommendations on setting up the Geographic Information Systems (hereinafter: GIS) for the needs of national statistics, that were accepted at the ECE/CES conference in June 1995 in Geneva. The position of Slovenia is contrary to this and unfortunately Slovenia is still facing the task of rebilding its regions according to the Eruopean manner, as with the declaration of independence and the new constitution it renounced the old, out-lived and for other management suitable large communities (65). It modelled new europeanized communities where as provinces still have not been determinated. The national administrative authority is not organized as unity for all functions into a homogeneous unit and together in one district, but in quite different functional spheres. This is why the statistical Office is setting up an adequate basis that would facilitate us to make a rational and democratical determination on new regions as per the model and standards of the European Union. For such regions certain calculations should be made -- with the assistance of data, that are linked in such a way, and also the methods that are harmonized with the Union or were taken over from the Union -- regarding the regional product or the regional account within the system of national accounts.

 

AU: Nagy, Zoltan

TI: Geographic products: report of Hungary.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic C, pp. 136-137

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: For the Presentation and the various analyses of census data a simple software, called MAPSTAT, was developed in 1991 at HCSO, The end-user can display thematic contry-level maps on the PC screen from given and prepared geographic database. Nearly two hundred aggregated variables on population and household are stored on diskette and can be presented on maps, category scales and formula are user defined in the software. It is distributed on floppy disc at nominal cost for the end users.

 

AU: Desoye, Helmut

TI: Geographic products: report of Austria.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995. Topic C, pp 140-143

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: This item of the agenda should have covered digital cartographic products on the one hand and the dissemination of census data by means of CD-ROM on the other hand, but while the ÖSTAT has at its disposal a highly developed digital cartography there is no dissemination of statistical products on CD-ROM.

 

AU: Tallon, Pamela

TI: Statistics Canada's Geographic Products,1991 to 1996.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995. Topic C, pp 157-160

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The Geography Division of Statistics Canada produces a wide range of geographic products associated with the Canadian Censuses of Population and Housing held every five years. These include paper reference maps, computer reference files, boundary files and street network files, all desinged and produced as by-products of the geographic infrastructure maintained by the Division to support the statistical programs at Statistics Canada. The products currently avaible are associated with the 1991 Census of Population: the next round of products will be avaible after the next Census in 1996.

 

AU: Tammilehto-Luode, Marja

TI: Geographic products: report of Finland.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995. Topic C, pp 161-163

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Hartvedt, H., Ottestad, A.K., Viggo- Sæbø, H.

TI: Geographic products: report of Norway.

SO: : Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995. Topic C, pp 164

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Steffen, H., Haug, W.

TI: Geographic products: Small-scale statistical maps and Desktop Mapping, the Swiss experience.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic C, pp 165-218

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The purpose of the present paper is to provide a short overview of the products developed and the efforts made by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (generously assisted by the Swiss Federal Office of Topography) in the domain of thematic cartography, especially as regards developing productionlines of small-scale statistical maps. We belive that the rich collection of statistical data sets for Switzerland's 3 000 municipalities can be effectively combined with actual desktop-mapping procedures in order to visualize a large variety of statistical topics. However, it is important to develop systematically map models for the different map scales and for different dissemination purposes and to highly standardize the production procedures in order to ensure efficient production and stable platforms for the best possible presentation of statistical data. It is not in the author's aim to present a final solution for desktop mapping in the domain of statistics, but rather to provide some " results", to highlight some possibilities and restrictions which exist in the field of Macintosh based desktop

 

AU: Massingham, Rod

TI: Geographic products: England and Wales Report.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic C, pp 219-221

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The OPCS geographic Support Service (OGSS) provides geographical advice and a range of products and services on different media to meet a variety of needs for customers in OPCS, in other government departments, in the National Health Service and the private sector. Supplements, user guides, and leaflets are also issued to help customers with the use of the products. Depending on customer demand, some products will be updated and new extracts of the larger files will become avaible. Products are being reviewed in conjunction with a new Marketing Division. OPCS meets customers twice yearly to discuss the postcode product range, To provide an opportunity for users to learn about postcode directory developments and to exchange ideals about the ways in which directories are used by them. Mapping products are at present mostly paper-based, but, as papers A and B have stated, OPCS is investing in digital mapping before the 2001 Census.

 

AU: Thomas, Frank

TI: Geographic products for Scotland.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic C, pp 222-224

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: GRO(S) currently offers a number of geography products in digital boundary and index from for use with the 1991 Census. We now intend to provide updated versions of those products. By "updated" is meant changes have been made to reflect: the creation and deletion of postcodes by Royal Mail; amendments to boundaries of local authorities and other areas; the inclusion of additional types of area. We are developing a new system to hold and maintain the informayion needed for the products. Once this system is in place, GRO(S) will offer the uptated products to a definied quality. In the meantime, that is until these final products become available, we will offer interim geography products based on current postcodes produced by the current system. It is hoped to publish a prospectus in July.

 

AU: Franz, Linda M.

TI: Geographic products of the United States bureau of the Census: current status and new directions.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic C, pp 225-227

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: An important outgrowth of the development by the United States Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau of its Topologically Integrated Encoding and Referencing (TIGER) data base was the availability of a wider variety of geographic products following the 1990 decennial census that had ever been available in the past. This paper describes he major geographic products that currently are available to the public as well as new geographic product directions that either are under development or being contemplated.

 

AU: Dinculescu, V.

TI: Conceptual aspects in GIS applications at national commission for statistics -- Romania

SO: Seminar on Regional Statistics, Baden/Vienna,1996

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Simpson, J.B., Pratt, D.J., Burkheimer, G.J., Bethke, A.D

TI: : Dictionary based development and automatic software generation for computer assisted data collection.

SO: Technology Use in Data Collection and Analysis, pp 575-592.

PY:

LA: English

AB:: A challenge associated with developing large-scale Computer Assisted Data Collection (CADC) applications is maintaining consistency among instrument specifications, programs, output, and documentation. Additionally, large amounts of programmer time are required to produce CADC programs and other software for data manipulation. to address these issues, staff at the Research Triangle Institute created a system using a data dictionary approach with allows consistency to be efficiently maintained among components of a CADC project, while greatly reducing programmer effort. This system includes modules for developing complex CADC instruments, automatically generating the programs to perform the data collection, and producing documention of the data collection instrument and the data itself. A database known as the Data Dictionary is created to represent the entire data collection instrument (data elements and their documentation, display and data logic, and interface to external programs) as database entires. All components of the CADC instrument are thus accessible through various Data Dictionary user interfaces for specification, modification, and documentation. Rather than changing code in a data collection program and then later trying to remember to make the same changes in data specifications and documentation,one makes a single change to a Data Dictionary entry and that changes is reflevted automatically in subsequently generated programs and documentation. The computer program for the CADC instrument is produced automatically from the data specifications in the Data Dictionary by a program called the Code Generator. Using this method, modifying CADC instruments requires only changing entries in the Data Dictionary and then running the Code Generator to produce the update modules. The paper will describe details of the system's design and implementation, and its use in recent telephone surveys for the National Center for Education Statistics.

 

AU: Roddick, L.H., Fowke, V.R., Geraghty, P.C., Mamaril, R.R., Moran, S.A., Parks, S.D.

TI: Large scale Statistical applications a PC based clint/server.

SO: Technology Use in Data Collection and Analysis, pp 604-614

PY:

LA: English

AB: Data accessibility is a key issue in the timely analysis of data. The growth of the PC's capability and toolset has provided a tremendous opportunity to increase this access to the data. The vast array of database enabled analytical tools is accessed directly on PC-S. The scalability of these machines is also allowing for orderly expansion as the database increases in size. This paper demonstrates the scalability of PC based solutions and presents two large scale PC implementations.

 

AU: Humbel, Rainer, Haug, Werner.

TI: Geographical information systems for collection, analysis and presentation of statistical data -- the Swiss experience.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic B, pp 80-93

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: According to the recently passed federal Swiss statistics law, partically all data generally contained in and analyzed with geographical information systems (such as data on points or areas of land, on person or economic entities to which a geographical location ca be associated) are considered statistical data. The traditional data producers of offical statistics, most notably the Swiss Federal Statistical Office, generte a variety of this type of data, but many other governmental as well as private, semi-privare and research institutions contribute considerably to the wealth of data already available. GIS technology is essential to administer and analyze this type of data efficiently and to present it comprehensibly considering its entire contextual and spatial complexity. The Federal Statistical Office maintaines with its GIS infrastucture a specialized users communications team which concentrates on data diffusion, advice and information in this field. Its GEOSTAT project concentrates on a federal GIS database of geocoded, spatially relevant data sets coming from various, mostly governmental sources. Some of its more recent data was derived from the last Swiss census of population and housing 1990. Through a process of geocoding each of the census' buildings, approximately 400 standard variables were made available at a spatial resolution of 1 ha within its geographical information system. Geographical information systems offer not only advantages for data manipulation and statistical-spatial analysis, but yhe processes and methods applied as well as especially the results and conclusions achieved can be perceived and understood not only by a few specialists but a wider public of interested scientists and laymen. Examples of comprehensible, even apparently simple results and products based on complex, GIS-assisted data processing and transformation, include the first detailed land use map at a national scale, visual and spatial presentation of the mentioned census results as well as combined analysis of census data with earlier established information on legal construction areas.

 

AU: Desoye, Helmut.

TI: Geographic information systems: Report of Austria

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic B, pp 96-98

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: At present a GIS is being established at ÖSTAT has excellent cartographic material on the one hand and several territorial files on the other hand a GIS was not necessary for the collection of census data and also won't be in the future. So far only one special presentation has been made for census data.

 

AU: : Li, Larry.

TI: Gis applications in census collection: Report of Canada.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic B, pp 105-107.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Statistics Canada has relied upon Geographic Information Systems in its census collection operations since 1971 with the advent of the Geographically referenced Data Storage and Retrieval system (GRDSR) to facilitate geocoding and special areas retrieval of data. In the intervening years, additional applications have been brought on-line: notably, computer assisted mapping (CAM) in 1981, and computer assisted districting (CADP) of enumeration areas (EAs) in1989. These changes have been adopted in an evolutionary approach, a process of gradual refinement rather than revolutionary change. Through this evolution, Statistics Canada has moved from full development of its own systems to relying on commercial GIS-s for its systems foundation. Today, ARC/Info is the GIS at the core of most of Statistics Canada's geographic operations, with MapInfo being used for some attributing and boundary delineation (for example, Census Metropolitan Area delineation). Large applications have been written within Arc/Info using the Arc Macro Language (AML) for several key applications. A description of the applications and the refinements which have been incorporated into the 1996 Census follows.

 

AU: Tammilehto-Luode, Marja

TI: Geographic information systems: Report of Finland.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic B, pp 108-109.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Nagy, Zoltan

TI: Geographic information systems: Report of Hungary

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna,1995, Topic B, pp 110

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: In 1993 detailed Maps of Enumeration Dstricts (DMED-s) of Budapest, over 7,500 units, sub-ED-s, street-blocks including identification of houses, where digitized by the Service of the state Computing Inc. All digitized maps are stored in DXF format and can be handled by several GIS systems. At the same time, a comprehensive geography section or division for the administration and management of such digitized maps has not set up within CSO yet. All boundaries were checked and prepared in enriched format that is suitable for mapping from CD-ROM GIS base. The statistical Database Query with Mapping PC based system, developed by the CSO is suitable to create small area census statistics and link the data with small area maps and useful tool for the end users.

 

AU: Hartvedt, H, Ottestad, A.K., Viggo- Sæbø, H.

TI: Geographic information systems: Report of Norway.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic B, pp 111-112

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Until now, GIS-technologies have only been used to a limited extent in connection with data capture and analysis within Statistics Norway. As mentioned, there have been some activities in connection with censuses, for example digitizing of borders for urban settlements. However, several new activities have just started or are planned. In adding, use of presentation tools such as programs for statistical thematic mapping is increasing in all parts of the institution.

 

AU: Massingham, Rod

TI: Geographic information systems: England and Wales Report.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic B, pp 115-117

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: A new facility is being introduced into OPCS to produce reference and thematic maps using MapInfo, MapBasic and Map Viewer software. Expertise has been brought in to develop the service and use GIS techniques to address the issues of thematic mapping for analysis and publication. A combination of MapInfo (a simple but powerful GIS system) and internally developed software are being used to allow the production of publication quality maps for analysis and publication quality maps for both internal and external use.

 

AU: Thomas, Frank

TI: Geographic information systems: Proposals for Restructured Postcode Database And Boundary Systems in Scotland.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic B, pp 123-127.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Since 1973, GRO(S) has plotted and maintained the boundaries of postcodes on maps and maintained a database the main output from which is an index file used within and outside the Office to assing postcoded data (eg births, deaths and marriges) to larger areas. For the 1991 Census, we digitised the boundaries of the postcodes and used them to create output Areas for Census statistics. We have since been plotting boundaries of new postcodes, allocating these postcodes to a range of area types on the database and digitising the plotted boundaries to maintain our boundary set. The maps, database and digital boundaries are separate data sets.

 

AU: Teague, Andy

TI: Disclosure implications of geography for the population census in Great Britain: Report of the United Kingdom.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic D, pp 232-234.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The adequate protection of respondent confidentiality in census statistical outputs is clearly an imperative. Where legislation places an obligation on people to supply data, there is a corresponding obligation on the data collectors to maintain the privacy of the data. In addition to the requirement to comply with legal and professional codes, it is important to maintain public confidence that data relating to indentifiable individuals will not be released. Although censuses are compulsory in the great Britain (and in most other countries), if this confidence is lost, cooperation with the census will be reduced.

 

AU: Teague, Andy

TI: Confidentiality and geography.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna,1995.Topic D, pp 235-243.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The ability and demand to produce ever more detailed statistics for small (and various) geographical levels -- down to individual people and households -- makes the job of protecting the confidentiality (anonymity) of respondents harder. What measures can be taken to reassure respondents (and ourselves) of respondents harder. What measures can be taken to reassure respondents (and ourselves) that the information provided will remain confidential? This paper discusses the problems incurred in adopting modification routines in the 1991 Censuses of Great Britain, outlines some alternative options, and looks to stimulate discussion on the dilemma between modifying data (and hence possibly "damanging" them) and foregoing some geographical detail and flexibility.

 

AU: Dixie, John.

TI: Confidentiality protection: a new approach?

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic D, pp 244-246.

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: This paper proposes an approach to providing census users with detailed tables of statistics for the areas of their choice, while at the same time preserving the confidentiality of individual persons and households by making it impossible to derive detailed figures for known smaller areas by differencing statistical tables for overlapping areas. This is achieved by not disclosing to the users the precise areas for which the disseminated statistical tables have been compiled.

 

AU: Ladstätter, Johann.

TI: Confidentiality in small area statistics: Report of Austria.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic D, pp 247-248.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Laihonen, Aarno

TI: Confidentiality in GIS: Report of Finland.

SO: : Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic D, pp 249-250.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: From the juridical point of view confidentiality in statistical GIS data and products is regulated by the same legislation as confidentiality of statistical data in general. The Finnish legislation is described in the paper Riitta Harala -- Anna-Leena Reinikainen: " Statistical confidentiality and the use of statistical data for research purposes -- Finnish aspects." presentated at the EUROSTAT seminar on Statistical Confidentiality in Luxembourg 28-30 November 1994. The Finnish Statistics Act is as an annex. GIS data and GIS products have a number of properties from the point of view of confidentiality which are characteristic to GIS and not always present in ordinary statistical data. Some of these GIS particular confidentiality problems and measures to guard confidentiality are discussed in this paper.

 

AU: Harala, R., Reinikainen, A.

TI: Statistical confidentiality and the use of statistical data for research purposes -- Finnish aspects.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995 Topic D, pp 251-262.

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Nagy, Zoltan

TI: Confidentiality: Report of Hungary.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic D, pp 263

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Applicable and spatial representations of the information on the society are essential for the government, non-profit and profit oriented private sector. Presidental Office of Republic Hungary, Ministry of the Interior, Ministry of Environmental and of Territorial Development, Ministry of Transport and communication, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Public Welfare and Information Chamber of Hungarian Administration need data and appropriate software for their decision making procedures.

 

AU: Hartvedt, H, Ottestad, A.K., Viggo- Sæbø, H.

TI: Confidentiality: Report of Norway

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic D, pp 264

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Spahn, D., Haug, W.

TI: Confidentiality in small area statistics in Swiss population census

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic D, pp 265-266.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Franz, Linda M.

TI: Maintaining the confidentality of data for small areas: approaches by the United States Bureau of the Census.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic D, pp 267-269.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The United States Census Bureau's (Census Bureau) enabling legislation, Title 13 of the United States Code, requires that we protect the confidentiality of the data that we collect from respondents to our censuses. In practical terms, this means that we do not provide direct public access to the individual census responses, we do not release information that reveals the identity of respondents, and we do not release data that can be associated with a person, a household, or a business establishment directly or by deduction. The techniques that the Census Bureau employs to avoid the disclosure of this protected information vary among our various data releases as summarized below.

 

AU: Banovec, Tomaz

TI: Geocoded statistical data bases and administrative registers in the republic of Slovenia -- the working basis for statistical generalization and required analyses for the reform of the local self-government.

SO: Tscorus. ref C, Helsinki, 1994, pp 1-16

PY: : 1994

AB: In Slovenia (20 256 kmē) all the buildings (residental and industrial), registred by an unique postal number, are all encoded with Centroides (x,y,z) and being refreshed as a teritorial register. This means that all the data gained from Registers, Censuses and Statistics are precisly located. In the enclosure there is a : presentation of a cooperation between the Institute for Geodesy and the Statistical office of Slovenia in the last 20 years. New geomatic technologies for the new administrative territorial divison of Slovenia from the present 65 municipalities into about 350 "europized" new small municipalitis is described as well.

 

AU:

TI: Conclusions and recommendations.

SO: Report on international seminar on optical technology for development of population databases, Budapest, 1992, pp 3-5

PY: 1993

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Saarsen,Kärt

TI: Avalikkussuhted ja teabekorraldus Eesti 2000. aasta rahvaloenduse ettevalmistusperioodil.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: Eesti

AB: Eesti Statistikaamet on alustanud ettevalmistusi järgmiseks rahvaloenduseks, mis plaanide kohaselt toimub aastal 2000. Üheks osaks rahvaloenduse ettevalmistustöödes on ka elanikkonna ettevalmistamine rahvaloenduseks (ehk rahvaloenduse teabekampaania korraldamine). Nimetatud kampaania hõlmab endas nii informatsiooni levitamist kui ka soodsa hoiaku kujundamist avalikkuse (eesti elanikkonna) hulgas rahvaloenduse suhtes. Antud töö käsitlebki avalikkussuhteid ja teabekorraldust Eesti 2000. aasta rahvaloenduse ettevalmistusperioodil. Töö eesmärgiks on anda ülevaade olemasolevatest materjalidest kõne all oleva teema kohta ning sellelt baasilt analüüsida nii Eesti hetkeolukorda kui ka võimalusi avalikkuse mõjutamiseks rahvaloendusele soodsa õhkkonna

 

AU: Franz, Linda M., Sobel, Joel.

TI: Geographic base for the programs of the United States Bureau of the Census.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 6-14

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: At the United States Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau), we use the term "geographic support" to mean providing the wherewithal for two critical activities in connection with censuses and surveys: assigning individual responses to the correct geographic location; and classifying those geographic locations into the correct data tabulation units. Traditionally, three major tools have allowed the accomplishment of these geographic support objectives: maps, address references files, and geographic reference files. Census Bureau maps guide data collection, depict the geographic areas for which data are tabulated and, in some cases, themselves present data. Address reference files associate addresses on individual census or survey responses with their geographic location, or position on the earth's surface. Geographic reference files, finally, catalog the various geographic areas (for example state, county, census tract, and so on) and define their relationships with one another so as to allow the presentation of data by geographic area in an orderly, understandable fashion.

 

AU: Cardoso, Fausto.

TI: Geographic Base: Report of EUROSTAT.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 15-17.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The population Censuses, or equivalent statistical operations, allow a data processing on a very major territorial detailed level. Indeed the limits to a treatment by micro zones only arise from the limitations of the technical capacity of the tools, in particular data-processing one, and from the questions of confidentiality (the possible financial limitations are not considered here).

 

AU: Desoye, Helmut.

TI: Geographic Base: Report of Austria.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 18-22.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: This paper deals with the geographic, i.e. the territorial base for the collection of data and the presentation of the results of the census (the so-called combined census which consists of the population census, the housing census and the census of local units of employment. It should be pointed out that Austria has an excellent geographic base for the census in the field of cartographic materials as well as the form of territorial files at ÖSTAT. This will be described in detail in the various items of this paper. This paper deals with the register of buildings and its auxiliary files, the collection units for the census, the presentation units for the census, small units such as NUTS 5, urban/rural zones and the updating of the territorial breakdowns and of the boundaries.

 

AU: Puderer, Henry.

TI: Geographic concepts -- a rationale for standard areas and an overview of areas for the 1996 census: Report of Canada.

SO: : Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 41-45.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The Geographic Division of Statistics Canada supports a wide a range of standard geographic areas for the dissemination of data from Canada's Censuses of Population and Housing. These standard areas include administrative areas (areas defined outside of Statistics Canada) and statistical areas (areas defined by Statistics Canada). Administrative areas include areas like cities and towns and provinces while statistical areas include urban areas, metropolitan areas and census tracts. The standard areas supported reflect user demand -- a demand which is broad-based and covers users in the public, private and academic sectors. This paper discusses the reasons why we support standard geographic units for the dissemination of census data. It also provides a brief description of the standard areas being supported for the 1996 Census.

 

AU: Tammilehto-Luode, Marja

TI: Geographic Base: Report of Finland.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 46-47.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: A geographic base is here defined as data and databases in a GIS. The GIS integrates statistical data in to cartographic data. Statistical data can be called attribute data as one can present also statistics as attributes to geographical features on the earth's surface. Cartographic data is digital data of geographic features presented by geographic coordinates. Attribute data and cartographic data are usually stored separately.

 

AU: Nagy, Zoltan

TI: Geographic Base: Report of Hungary.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 48-50.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO, shortened as CSO) the authorized agency for making national and wide range statistical surveys and for publication, has many traditional identifications, searching and processing methods for the observation of the Hungarian society, economy, trade and other socio-economic flows. In lack of solid co-ordination within the departments that implemented agricultural, industrial, and population surveys, many different nominations and processing methods were implemented to identify the geographical position of the observed entities. In practice, several coding systems do exist within the CSO. This paper summarizes the developments and works that have been done to date, makes notes on the possible ways to set up geographical databases in the future.

 

AU: Hartvedt, H., Ottestad, A.K., Viggo- Sæbø, H.

TI: Geographical aspects of Norwegian Censuses: Geographic Base.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 51-55.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The first Norwegian population census was conducted in 1769. Since 1890 censuses have been held at the beginning of each decade with the exeption of 1940. The purpose and methodology of the Norwegian census has changed considerably during the last 35 years. While the census previously was the main source of socio-demographic information, it is today just one of several sources. After an identification number for each individual was introduced in 1964 and used in various administrative registers, the dominating role of the census has changed dramatically. For some years it has been the policy of Statistics Norway to collaborate with various governmenthal agencies in order to use administrative registers in statistics production. The use of maps and geographical information technology in connection with censuses has so far been limited to thematic mapping for presentation of results and for drawing boundaries between urban and rural areas. For the census 2000 geographical information tehnology is planned to play an important role for the first time. The purpose of this paper is to consider some geographical aspects, to give a status and a basis for discussion and further planning of the census 2000.

 

AU: Spahn, D., Haug, W.

TI: Geographic Base in the Swiss population census.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna,1995, Topic A, pp 61-63.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Massingham, Rod

TI: Geographic Base: England and Wales Report.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 64- 68.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The basic data collection and statistical building brick is the Enumeration District (ED) which has been used since 1961 in England and Wales. Aggregations of ED-s have enabled outputs to be produced for the nation's administrative areas and have provided comparability between censuses. The ED on its own longer provides sufficient flexibility for producing census outputs for an increasing variety of geographical areas or spatial units. More recently, moves are being made to develop an address-based planning geography and an output areas geography (eg. using groups of postcodes, similar to Scotland's geographic system). Postcodes were recommended as basic geographical units for the census, but it was considered too expensive for England and Wales in 1991.

 

AU: Thomas, Frank

TI: Use of the postcode in the census of population in Scotland.

SO: Proceedings of the European Workshop on Census Geography, Vienna, 1995, Topic A, pp 71-75.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The General Register Office for Scotland (GRO(S)) has used postcodes as building bricks for the collection, processing and presentation of population statistics for more than 20 years. A postcode in the United Kingdom is a collection of addresses used by the Royal Mail for sorting and devering mail. Apart from special postcodes for addresses receiving large amounts of mail, there are around 130,000 postcodes in Scotland containing an average of about 15 households. Postcodes are well known to the public who supply our information on vital events and in the Census. GRO(S) maintains postcode maps a digital boundary file and a database. For this activity we need good relationships with the Royal Mail and Ordnance Survey (OS), the national mapping agency in Great Britain.

 

AU:

TI: 1989. aasta üleliidulise rahvaloenduse korraldamise ja loendusruumis elunevate isikute nimestik ning loenduslehtede

SO:

PY: 1988

LA: Eesti

AB:

 

AU:

TI: Introduction.

SO: Mapping for Censuses and Surveys. pp 1-3

PY:

LA: English

AB: Document ISP-TR-3W is a workbook to be used as training aid in conjunction with the publication ISP-TR-3,"Mapping for Censuses and Surveys", which covers all aspects of developing and implementing a mapping program for censuses and surveys. The study materials contained in this workbook complement the text and exhibits in the manual and are intended to clarify the concepts, considerations, and practical applications presented therein. Supplying answers to questions and working the problems in the study assignments reinforce the principles and procedures discussed in the manual. Note that the pages may be removed from the workbook and used as tests.

 

AU:

TI: Organizing a mapping program.

SO: Mapping for Censuses and Surveys. Chapter 2, pp 11-30.

PY:

LA: English

AB: A mapping program involves the systematic preparation, use, and publication of maps for census and survey purposes. A geographic staff is organized, and maps are gathered from many sources from which census maps are compiled. Field personnel are given training in the use of census maps and some of the statistical results are published in graphic form. All of these activities are essential ingredients in an successful mapping program.

 

AU:

TI: Preparation of base maps.

SO: Mapping for Censuses and Surveys. Chapter 6, pp 109-133.

PY:

LA: English

AB: Ordinarily census offices do not construct original maps that require complex surveying and highly skilled surveyors and cartographers, but they do use information from a variety of sources to produce maps for enumeration and publication purposes. Enumeration maps consist of individual EA maps, crew leader maps, field office maps, and central office maps. Publication maps are generalized maps of relatively large areas, such as the entire country. Some identify 1-st, 2-nd, and 3-rd order divisions and the location of important cities; other may show statistical data. The master maps from which enumeration and publication maps are made are called base maps. This chapter is concerned with compiling base maps for use in preparing enumeration maps.

 

AU:

TI: Delineation and control of enumeration areas; Appendix; Glossary.

SO: Mapping for Censuses and Surveys. Chapter 7. pp 141-146 ;and Appendix; and Glossary pp.306-353.

PY:

LA: : English

AB: :

 

AU:

TI: Mapping operations.

SO: Popostan, A case study for the 1980 censuses of population and housing,no.1, 1981; statistical training document ISP-TR-4B; part B-4, pp 41-89

PY: 1981

LA: English

AB: A major objective of the census, as noted earlier, is to improve substantially the area coverage so as to assure, as far as possible, the complete enumeration of all the population in the country. Attainment of this goal is sought principally by upgrading the mapping operation. In Popstan, the NSO recognizes that individual maps are needed to guide the enumerators in covering their assigned areas. The census planners also recognize the need for maps to serve as a means of control to account for all areas and to avoid duplication in enumeration. Finally, maps and graphs will have an important role in the presentation of census statistics. The aim of this chapter is to describe the various operations that contribute to the production and use of good maps for the 1980 Censuses of Population and Housing in Popstan. These operations represent a major part of the preparatory work for taking the census. The chapter discusses how the operations will be carried out and why they are important.

 

AU:

TI: Mapping

SO: Popostan, A case study for the 1980 censuses of population and housing,no.1, 1981; statistical training document ISP-TR-4B; part A-7, pp 79-97

PY: 1981

LA: English

AB: Maps have a number of uses in population and housing censuses, but they serve primarly to ensure that all parts of the country are assinged to be enumerated and that the data are allocated to the proper administrative units. This is accomplished by dividing the total area of the country into small areas for individual enumerator assignments and instructing enumerators in the use of maps in taking the census. Maps are also very valuable in census planning and presentation and analysis of the results.

 

AU: Sehlin, Johnny.

TI: Production of a census atlas and geographical information system: Report from a mission to Central Statistics Office (CSO), Windhoek, Namibia February 12 and March 8, 1996.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: The principal task of the mission was to produce the maps that were to be included in the Census Atlas, or the maps that were to be included in the Census Atlas, or the "1991 Population and Housing Census Atlas has been discussed in earlier reports. The report, NAMSTAT 1994: 6 (Sidindi/Sporrek), made some suggestion as to the outlines, the target group, manner of production and the contents for such an Atlas. After some introductory Discussions in the working group formed for the production and in the steering group the suggestions stated in that report was in main accepted as guidelines for the actual production of the Atlas. This means in short: Computerised production by a Desktop Mapping Software; Schools as Target Group ;Focus on maps presenting the results of the 1991 Census; Regions as the primary level for presentation; Complementary presentation on EA and Urban area level; Some explanatory text shall be included; Size A4; Number of Maps should be 25-30; Printing of the publication should be in black and white and some colour maps; The contents and the overall layout should match the contents in the 1991 Housing and Population Census Report "Basic Analysis with Higlights" from December 1994. The Atlas are to be seen as a complementary publication to that one but with the regional level as the highlighted level. Following is a more detailed description on some of these aspects on the production of the Atlas.

 

AU: Leuzinger, H., Rihm, B., LaRoche, B.

TI: GEOSTAT: The service for Spatial Data in the Swiss Federal Administration., Berne,1994.

SO:

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: In connection with the many new tasks and problems confronting us today, there is a growing need for evaluating regional data inde pendently of administrative bodies such as local communities. With the advent of geographic information systems, the compilation and distribution of digital data based on small, flexible unit areas is gaining ground. This brochure gives concise information on the services and possibilities of the spatial database of GEOSTAT operated by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Structure and operation of GEOSTAT are summarized and information on the geometry and the contents of its data sets is given. Examples of applications how GEOSTAT can be used for solving scientific and practice-related problems alike, e.g. in the fields of regional planning and environmental research in 1990 the population of Switzerland totalled 6.9 million people. Settlement and urban areas covered an area of 242,000 hectares, with an additional 100,000 hectares of legal construction zones still undeveloped. Well over 25 % of the country is afforested and another quarter remains unproductive in the form of rocky terrain, brush and scrub, glaciers and lakes.

 

AU:

TI: Fundamental success factors.

SO: Experiences in GI managements, LGMB 1993, pp 28-31.

PY: 1993

LA: English

AB:

 

AU:

TI: The role of the census in the national Statistical system and Census administration.

SO: Handbook of Population and Housing Censuses, Part I: Planning, Organization and Administration of Population and Housing Censuses, Studies in Methods, Series F No.54, United Nations, New York, 1992, pp. 7-21, 35-56.

PY: 1992

LA: English

AB: The Purpose of a population and housing census is primarly to satisfy essential national needs for statistical data. Those needs are the main factors that determine the content of the census. Both the content of the census and the operational procedures undertaken to obtain the desired data can, however, be improved by studying the experiences of other countries that have successfully carried out censuses and adopting or adapting their practices to the extent appropriate. In addition, international uses of census data are important and a desirable feature of a modern census would be to increase the possibility of international comprability of census data through the adoption, to the extent possible, of the international recommendations regarding topics and their definitions. The international recommendations relating to a census are contained in the publication "Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses" (ST/ ESA/ STAT/ SER. M/ 67).1./ The objectives of the United Nations Principles and recommendations are: (a) to help in improving census operations and the utility of census results in national terms and (b) to increase, to the extent possible, international comparability. The recommendations stress the need for developing national expertise in census-taking so that accurate and usable data are collected and applied as input in the formulation of national programmers relating to the development and socio-economic sectors in such areas as population policy, housing, health, education and manpower development. The recommendations emphasize the importance of evaluation of census results and the need to modernize data-processing systems. Part one of the " Handbook of Population and Housing Censuses" concerns the planning, organization and administration of population and housing censuses and presents possible courses of action to render operative the international recommendations, which in the text are referred to as "Principles and Recommendations". The subject matters is presented in fourteen chapters. Chapters I and II, which are introductory, offer formal definitions of the census and describe its role in the national statistical system. Chapter III indicates the broad framework within which a census has to be planned. Chapters IV and V describe the basic steps that are necessary for establishing the census organization and the structural backdrop against which the census organization will have to function. Chapters VI and VII deal with the core activities of the census, including enumeration. The subject of chapter VIII, training and publicity, could no doubt have been included in chapter VII since that subject is so closely related to the enumeration activities. However, it has been presented separately for two reasons. First, Chapter VII would have become rather long and consequently fatiguing to read. Second, there are some aspects of training and publicity that are important for other stages of the census operations and those aspects needed to be included; however, their inclusion in the chapter dealing with enumeration would have been rather inappropriate. Chapter IX deals exclusively with data processing while chapter XII discusses publication and dissemination of data. These two chapters, though not in unbroken sequence, are interconnected.

 

AU:

TI: Statistics and privacy protection: Report Belgium.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995, Topic 2: Confidentiality and privacy protection, pp. 33-34.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Dissemination of data held by public authorities is, legally speaking, an extremely complicated matter. There is a diversity of legal texts to encourage, restrict and regulate the dissemination of data: encouraging factors -- laws on the access to administrative documents (public nature of administrative data); restrictive factors -- laws on privacy protection (use of individual data); regulative factors -- laws on competition and industrial property (copyright). Where are the INS and Belgian statistics in general situated within this legal context?

 

AU: Street, L., Teague, A.

TI: Confidentiality and protection of private life: Report of England and Wales.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995, Topic 2: Confidentiality and privacy protection, pp. 35-39.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: In common with other statistical offices of countries where a census is still the main method of collecting population and housing information, the GB Census Offices have to balance the rights of individuals to privacy with the needs of the state in order to obtain the necessary level of public cooperation to ensure a successful operation. Although censuses in Great Britain, as most other countries, are compulsory the adequate protection of respondents' confidentiality is clearly an imperative. In Britain this has been traditionally done by: stating assurances on Census forms and in publicity; legislation protecting against unauthorised disclosure of personal census information (Census Act 1920 and Census (Confidentiality) Act 1911); taking stringent precautions to ensure that the data are secure while they are collected from the field, processed in the Census Offices, and subsequently held in storage; and protecting against inadvertent disclosure in the census outputs by devising and applying such additional processing procedures as may be necessary. The paper concentrates on this last aspect and describes the precautions taken to ensure that census outputs did not themselves, or by linkage with other sources of information, have or appear to have the potential to reveal details about identifiable individuals or households.

 

AU: Madinier, Chantal.

TI: Confidentiality and privacy protection: Report of France.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995, Topic 2: Confidentiality and privacy protection, pp. 41-45.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The CNIL was created by the law 78-17 0f January 1978, concerning informatics, computer files and liberties. This law stipulates that : computer science should be at the service of every citizen" and "should not derogate from human identity, civil rights, privacy or individual and civic liberties'. The CNIL should guarantee the enforcement of this law. Any automatic information treatment has to be submitted to the CNIL, which will make a recommendation.

 

AU: Finneran, C., Malone, D.

TI: Dissemination Policy for Irish Censuses of Population Present Experience and Future Plans: Report of Ireland.

SO: : European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995, Topic 2: Confidentiality and privacy

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The CSO operates under the provisions of the Statistics Act, 1993. The confidentiality provisions set out in the Act continue and reinforce those contained in earlier statistical compilation and analysis purposes; shall not be disseminated, shown or communicated to any other person or body in a form wich can be related to an identifiable person or undertaking.

 

AU: Johnson, M.

TI: Confidentiality and protection of prvate life: Report of Finland.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995, Topic 2: Confidentiality and privacy

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The 1990 census of Finland was entirely based on registers. Also the coming censuses in Finland will be register-based. In the collection of the census data there are clear advantages, when it comes to confidentiality, in the register-based census system compared with the questionnaire-based censuses. These are: (1) Statistics Finland does not need to rely on outside mailing and recording services; (2) there is much less manual treatment of personal data and (3) full personal data is only " seen" by the computer because data are processed in batch runs and the files are sequential files.The use of administrative data in the compilation of the censuses, as well as other statistics, allows a creation of extensive data banks which again allows futher usage of the data. The combining of different administrative registers gives totally new possibilities for obtaining answer to many researches questions but it also posses some very specific data protection problems. As the register-based system seems to increase the confidentality in the stages of gathering the census data and as the policy of Statistics Finland is that it is essential that the census databases are used extensively this paper will deal with the protection of privacy in the dissemination of census data, not the gathering. Especially the confidentiality precautions taken when allowing researches to take part of the data will be discussed.

 

AU: Olsson, G.

TI: The Lao Census 95: Progress Report, No. 8; 1996, from the Lao Swedish co-operation.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: On October 5. 1993. a decision was taken by the Prime Minister, No. 47/PM, that a nation-wide population census would be conducted in 1995. For Further details about the background, see Progress Report No. 1, August 1994, and the Project Document, Request for Support in the Field of Statistics.

 

AU: Vliegen, M and van de Stadt H.

TI: Measuring urbanization: a categorical aproach.

SO: Statistical Comission and Economic Comission for Europe, Conference of European Statisticians. Work Session on Geographical Information Session. Working Paper No. 20.

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: Statistics Netherland has recently developed a new measure of urbanisation called the address density of the surronding area. The mesaure has been based on the concept of concentration of human activities as basic notion of urbanisation. Although this particular density measure has primarily been developed to categorize municipalities by urbanisation, it can also be applied to other types of spatial units. The measure is one/dimensional, is easy to implement and can be updated annually. In this paper the defination and operationalization of this categorical measure of urbanisation are discussed. Moreover, using a classification into five categories based on this measures, summarized results for municipalities and municipal census tracts are presented.

 

AU: van Duuren L. and van Strien A.

TI: GIS use for statistics on the natural environment

SO: Statistical Comission and Economic Comission for Europe, Conference of European Statisticians. Work Session on Geographical Information Session. Working Paper No. 6

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: The use of GIS for flora, fauna and landscape statistics is explained. A GIS can be used for to make statistical tables about the natural areas in the Netherlands but also to set up a good sample framework for monitoring fauna and floora.

 

AU: Brånvall, G. and Justusson, B.

TI: Quality declaration for geographical statistical data created with overlays or point-in-polygon techniques

SO: Statistical Comission and Economic Comission for Europe, Conference of European Statisticians. Work Session on Geographical Information Session. Working Paper No. 14

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: This paper describes experiences with recalculations of statistical data from small administrative regions to larger regions such as drainage areas. Quality assurance and declaration are the main topics. Two new methods are introduced: firstly, a technique to combine midpoints and data on area: secondly, a model for calculation of approximate standard errors.

 

AU: Januszewska, J. and Kruszka, K.

TI: Geographical Information System in Poland: problems, experiences and perspectives

SO: Statistical Comission and Economic Comission for Europe, Conference of European Statisticians. Work Session on Geographical Information Session. Working Paper No. 7

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: In this paper the following are briefly characterized: the present condition and development trends of GIS in Poland - the domestic market of GIS products, - information, hardware and software problems, - GIS prospects in various aspects. Special attention has been devoted to the role and place of GIS in the activities of the Central Statistical Office of Poland and its regional departments. Finally, some major conclusions from the survey of the condition and development prospects of GIS in Poland have been formulated.

 

AU: Ostensen, O.

TI: Standardization on the field of Geographic information - a status view.

SO: Statistical Comission and Economic Comission for Europe, Conference of European Statisticians. Work Session on Geographical Information Session. Working Paper No. 15

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: Today there exists many national de jure or de facto standards at national and international or multinational level. Some of these standards are general in the sense of covering any, or at least a broad field of application. Others are resrticted to some certain application area, like road, traffic information. International efforts up to now have always been resricted in scope, normally by being developed by groups sharing a common, but restricted area of interest. The ICA Commission on Standards for the Transfer of Spatial Data has given a survey of existing standards and their status by 1991. A brief look into the major international standardisation efforts. Finnaly, some remarks will be made concerning the application field of statistics.

 

AU: Byfuglien, J.

TI: Some issues in relation to the defination of urban units and other units for geographical analysis at the European level.

SO: Statistical Comission and Economic Comission for Europe, Conference of European Statisticians. Work Session on Geographical Information Session. Working Paper No. 23.

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: 1. It is stated that some of the problems in producing comparable urban statistics are the lack of precisely defined user requirement, the lack of international consensus on and application of the definations and the lack of detailed, harmonized, georeferenced statistics in general. 2. It is reported on some work done at the European level to develop common concepts and harmonised definations. At present one is trying to define 'the city' on three levels: as local units representing the central, administrative (town, city) unit, as urban area, defined in morphological terms based on maximum distances between houses, and as urban regions, based on functional definitions. 3. As all these definitions are linked to the local administrative units where statistics can be made available, the critical problem for establishing comparable urban defination and urban statistics is the comparability of the basic administartive units. The situation for the countries within the European Union is that these local units shows a large variation in area and population, reducing the usefulness of an elaborate urban defination. 4. Some of the conclusions are that there a still need to analyse the user requirments for urban statistics, to develop more composite consepts than the morhological defination, and to develop the basic georeferencing of statistics to allow for more flexible definations.

 

AU: van Beek, F., Vliegen, M., and Zwarenstein, L.

TI: Harmonization of digital geographical files

SO: Statistical Comission and Economic Comission for Europe, Conference of European Statisticians. Work Session on Geographical Information Session. Working Paper No. 13.

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: In GIS - applications files with digital boundaries of spatial units often play an important role. Experince shows, that such geographic files, particulary those on a low regional level, usually are not linked up with each other. Combining such geographic files creats unwanted problems for users of the repective files. These problems could be solved by harmonising these files with the incidental advantage that the harmonised file will possibly function as a standard. In view of promoting such a standardisation Statistic Netherlands and the Netherlands Topographic Agency are carrying out a project to harmonise their respective boundary files. The paper discussed mainly some technical aspects with regard to this harmonisation. In the last section some topics relating to the cooperation between the partners are touched.

 

AU: McArthur, R.

TI: Collection, interpretation and marketing of geo-referenced information for the consolidated federal funds reports

SO: Statistical Comission and Economic Comission for Europe, Conference of European Statisticians. Work Session on Geographical Information Session. Working Paper No. 32.

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: 1. The Census Bureau and other statistical agencies are continually producing more detailed information with greater precision about ever smaller geographical places. 2. Poweful yet inexpensive data extraction and manupulation software for personal computers is now on the market. 3. Along with the burgeoning market in personal computer products, advances in data delivery system have made it possible for personal computer users to handle vast numbers of files containing huge quantities of micro-level detail. 4. The relase of the Census Bureau's 1992 TIGER\Line files, containing latitude\longitude information encompassing over 80 million residental adresses, offers the potential for maximum geographical specificity in Bureau products. 5. Greater geographic detail requires additional geo-suppression, top-coding, and data scrambling techiques to protect the identity of confidential information. 6. Confidentiality matters notwithstanding, other concerns come into play when we start to collect and market data at the 'leaf' level of geography. The Census Bureau's series of reports on Federal spending provide examples of some of the issues that can arise with the relase of geo-referenced information.

 

AU: Elvhage, C., Carlquist, T.

TI: Population census cartographic work, LAOSTAT, 1992:2. :

SO:

PY: 1992

LA: English

AB: An inventory has been made for maps, air photographs and satellite images. The mission suggests a system for pre-enumeration cartographic work based on a 1:100 000 topographic map series. Preparation of maps should initially by made by hand and not digitised. There is a general need for training, education and co-operation to build up systems for map production and revision. There is need of a special section at the SSC for cartographic work, responsible staff member should be appointed. The cartographic work is not a matter of concern only for the SSC Census 1995 project but of equal interest for other line ministries and the national mapping overall. There is a need to put administrative boundaries on maps even if there will be no Census. The SSC should initiate discussions on ministry level with the aim of confirming the administrative boundaries also including village boundaries. A joint committe should be formed to co-ordinate the cartographic work between concerned ministries.

 

AU:

TI: Introduction; Maps.

SO: 1990 Hungarian population census, Data of localities and maps with locality boundaries on magnetic disc, pp 3, 20-21.

PY: 1993

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Schackis, D.

TI: Contents.

SO: Manual on Disclosure Control Methods.

PY: 1993

LA: English

AB:

 

AU:

TI: Note prepared by the secretariat.

SO: Economic and Social Council, Work session on geographic information systems, 1996.

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: The work session on Geographic Information Systems was held in Arlington, Virginia, United States, from 15-18 April 1996 . It was attended by participants from Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy Netherlands, Norway, Russian Federation, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom and the United States. The European Union was represented by Eurostat. A representative of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) was also present. The opening address was delivered by Mrs. Martha Farnsworth Riche, Director of the US Bureau of the Census. The provisional agenda was adopted. Mrs. Martha Farnsworth Riche (USA) was elected Chair, Mr. D. Meuldijk (Netherlands) and Mr. J. Sobel (USA) were elected Vice-Chairs. The following substantive topics were discussed at the meeting: (a) National reports; (b) Standardization related to statistical GIS, (c) Methodological aspects of GIS; (d) Marketing issues related to GIS; (e) Data collection processes. The topcs were considered on the basis of papers and/ or demonstrations prepared by Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States and Eurostat.

 

AU: Strengell, Göran.

TI: The Finnish Address system in rural areas.

SO:

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Leggieri, C..A.

TI: Development of a master address file as a base for the 2000 decennial census.

SO: Proceedings of the 1994 Annual Research Conference and CASIC Technologies Interchange, Arlington, Virginia, 1994, pp

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: There have been many critics and few champions of the 1990 decennial census.Many claim that the count was not complete enough and the cost was too high. Our society is rapidly changing and the methods of counting the population that worked in the past are no longer adequate. The Bureau of the Census has embarked on a path of fundamentally changing the way it takes the decennial census. Virtually all fundamental changes under consideration for the 2000 census desing rely on the existence of an accurate list of residential addresses. Historically, the Bureau of the Census compiles a new the address list for each census, through combinations of commercially available lists, listing created by Census Bureau field staff, and various address list coverages checks. The cost and complexity of the processes used to compile these lists, as well as the duplication of effort between and among various census programs, has led outside interests and internal Census Bureau experts to suggest that the Census Bureau create and maintain a master list of addresses over the decade rather than prepare a new list for each census and program. for the 2000 census, the Census Bureau is building on its 1990 census address list to create a permanent and continuously maintained Master Address File (MAF) . This national inventory of living quarters will be linked to the Census Bureau's automated geographic framework called the Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (TIGER) System. The existence of such a linked address/geographic file for the nation provides important opportunities for Census Bureau's research and demographic programs. For the decennial census alone, it provides a frame for sampling and estimation, a foundation for using administrative records, as well as a basis for developing a strategy of continuous maesurement for small area estimates.This paper describes the Census Bureau's plans to create and maintaining the MAF through a cooperative partnership with the U.S. Postal Service (USPS). The planned systematic maintenance of the MAF will yield corresponding updates to the TIGER data base. The paper discusses the methodolohy for updating the MAF, using new address information to focus the TIGER data base updates, a plan for measuring and ensuring quality, and plans for incorporating information from local governments. The paper also discusses some of the challenges that lie ahead in understanding postal definitions of commercial and residential addresses, achieving accurate within structure unit designations, and the treatment of non-house number/street name addresses.

 

AU:

TI: Tööjuhend, ametlikuks kasutamiseks.

SO:

PY: 1988

LA: Eesti

AB: Rajoonide ja külanõukogude skemaatiliste kaartide täpsustamiseks ja vormistamiseks 1989. a. rahvaloenduse tarbeks.

 

AU:

TI: Seletuskiri, Hiiumaa rajooni 1989. aasta üleliidulise rahvaloenduse organiseerimisplaani juurde.

SO:

PY: 1988

LA: Eesti

AB:

 

AU:

TI: Juhend, väljavõte ametialaseks kasutamiseks.

SO:

PY: 1988

LA: Eesti

AB: Juhised 1989. aasta üleliiduliseks rahvaloenduseks vajaliku kartograafilise materjali koostamise ja kasutamise korra kohta.

 

AU: Wiliquet, E.

TI: Table of contents, Introduction, Closing Remarks, Appendix A and B.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995, pp 3-5, 107-113.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: This is a report of the proceedings of the workshop "Dissemination of census data" held in Brussels from 4 to 6 December 1995. The workshop was hosted by the Belgian Institut National de Statistique and was supported by the Statistical bureau of the European Community. The programm was divided into six main sections each of which was prepared by the participants during the meeting. The present report includes a resume of the discussions following the reading of the papers. The key points that emerged from the discussion are highlighted at the end of the section. At the end of the paper, some general conclusions and last remarks are grouped.

 

AU: Wiliquet, E.

TI: Dissemination of census data, Report of Belgium.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium,Topic 3; 1995, pp 79-81.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Publicaion of census data is achieved by different means of dissemination. In the past years, these means have known a constant evolution. Generally speaking, there is a shift from paper support to computer readable supports. However, there is still an interest in documents on paper, because they are easily accessible to a big majority of people and can be quickly disseminated, which makes the support interesting for those data that do not rapidly grow obsolete.

 

AU:

TI: Conceivable forms of dissemination at the I.N.S.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995, pp 82-85.

PY: 1995

LA: : English

AB: :

 

AU: Street, Linda

TI: Disseminatoin and copyright, Report of England and Wales.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 4: Disseminatoin and copyright,

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The Census Act 1920 governes the way census results can be made available to users in Great Britain...

 

AU: Korpi, Helena.

TI: Copyright issues in population censuses in Finland.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 4: Disseminatoin and copyright,

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: In Finland copyright is regulated by the Copyright Act. The subject matter of copyright includes literary or artistic works. Literary works also cover e.g. maps, computer programmes or graphic works...

 

AU:

TI: Access to census data and dissemination of results.;Resume of discussion.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995, Topic 5: Needs of the commission concerning dissemination, pp 101-105.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU:

TI: Geographic Information System of the Commission of the European Communities, Progress Report 95/96.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: Since the creation of the Task force of Spatial Statistics in October 1990 and the subsequent implementation of the GISCO -- Geographic Information System of the Commission of the European Communities in 1992, this is the fourth progress report being issued. It addresses the period 1995-1996. Subjects presented range from straight-foward issues such as staff, infrastructure and training to a more in depth discussions on communication and dissemination.

 

AU:

TI: Coordinating geographic data acquistion and acess: the national spatial data infrastructure.

SO: Executive Order 12906,1994, Volume 59, No 71, pp 17671-17674.

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: Geographic information is critical to promote economic development, improve our stewardship of natural resources, and utilization, and protect the environment. Modern technology now premits improved acquisition, distribution, and utilization of geographic (or geospatial) data and mapping. The National Perfomance Review has recommended that the executive branch develop, in cooperation with State, local, and tribal governments, and the private sector, a coordinated National Spatial Data Infrastructure to support public and private sector applications of geospatial data in such areas as transportation, community development, agriculture, emergency response, environmental management, and information technology.

 

AU: Sundja, Mati

TI: Report of the visit and observation of Population and Housing Census, of Malta 6-11 November 1995.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: The observation organized in accordanca with ECE/UNDP regional statistical project and the main objective of visit was to study and get experiences from Maltese Population census undertakings.

 

AU: Strengell, G., Starck, C.

TI: Synoptic table of pilot census plans in the Baltic states (based on census seminar in Jurmala/Latvia 19-23 August 1996).

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB:

 

AU:

TI: Manual on the Protection of Confidental Data in the Statistical Office of the European Communities.

SO:

PY: 1994

LA: English

AB: In order to carry out the duties entrusted to it by the Treaties, the Commission must have full and reliable information. Thus, Eurostat must be able to obtain all the national statistical information necessary in order to prepare Community Statistics and carry out the necessary analysis. So far, national rules on statistical confidentiality have caused a considerable loss of information on the transmission of statistical data to Eurostat which has made it difficult to prepare Community Statistics.

 

AU: Wiliquet, Edouard.

TI: Optimization of the relationship between product cost and public interest: Report of Belgium.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 1: Optimisation of the product cost / general interest ratio, pp 11-13.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The aim of the census is to meet as much as possible the need of information of it's users. One should not forget that a census is a costly operation. It is therefore necessary to determine exactly the national demand ( the demand of Eusostat is known beforehand) to be able to meet it at the lowest possible cost. One has to find a balance between these two notions.

 

AU: Johnson, Marianne.

TI: Census: Optimisation of the Relationship between Product Cost and Public Interest: Report of Finland.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 1: Optimisation of the product cost / general interest ratio, pp 15-16.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Finland has successfully transferred from traditional, questionnaire-based censuses to an entirely register based census system. The census of 1990 was taken by using population registers supplemented with other administrative records. The reduction of census costs and the elimination of great variatoins in census staff were the main motives to introduce an entirely registre based census system in Finland. The initiative came from the Ministry of Finance in 1980. The development and investment phase lasted from 1981 to 1988 and the costs totalled up under that phase were 20 million FIM.

 

AU: Finneran, C., Malone, D.

TI: Dissemination Policy for Irish Censuses of Population Present Experience and Future Plans.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 1: Optimisation of the product cost / general interest ratio, pp17-18.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The paper examines the Central Statistics Office's dissemination policy over recent censuses and sets out the plans currently in hands for the dissemination of the results of the forthcoming censuses which will take place on 28 April 1996. The paper consideres in turn each of the topics proposed for discussion at the workshop. Each section, where appropriate distinguishes current (and recent) practice as well as future plans. Since the foundation of the Irish state in 1922 Censuses of Population have been held in 1926, 1936 and 1946 and at five yearly intervals since then apart from 1976. (The census for that year was cancelled due to Government economy measures. A census containing only 6 questions was subsequently held in 1979.) The censuses in years ending in "1"

 

AU: Lerner, D., Buffet, P.

TI: Optimisation of the relationship between product cost and general interest.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 1: Optimisation of the product cost / general interest ratio, pp 19-30.

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The paper examines the Central Statistics Office's dissemination policy over recent censuses and sets out the plans currently in hands for the dissemination of the results of the forthcoming censuses which will take place on 28 April 1996. The paper consideres in turn each of the topics proposed for discussion at the workshop. Each section, where appropriate distinguishes current (and recent) practice as well as future plans. Since the foundation of the Irish state in 1922 Censuses of Population have been held in 1926, 1936 and 1946 and at five yearly intervals since then apart from 1976. (The census for that year was cancelled due to Government economy measures. A census containing only 6 questions was subsequently held in 1979.) The censuses in years ending in "1" comprise both a Census of Population and a Census of Housing.

 

AU: : Madinier, Chantal.

TI: Product and Support Types: Report of France

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 3: Product and Support Types, pp

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Finneran, C., Malone, D.

TI: Dissemination Policy for Irish Censuses of Population Present Experience and Futue Plans.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 3: Product and Support Types, pp

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: Historically the response to the demand for census information has been met via: (1) Publications, (2) Small area population statistics (SAPS); and (3) Ad-hoc analyses. Each of these is considered in turn, both from the point of view of recent practice and future plans.

 

AU: Street, Linda.

TI: Product types and data transmission techniques: Report of England and Wales.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 3: Product and Support Types, pp

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: 1.The white Paper on the 1991 Census, Published in July 1988, started that the investment of time and resources in a national census is only justified if the results are made accessible to those who need them and reach them speedly in a clear and usable form. The output programme and arrangements for dissemination have been planned to meet those objectives, with particular emphasis on consulting census users on proposals, and incorporating their needs in the final output. 2.Users expressed a need for a greather number of analyses than in 1981. This increase was partly due to the additional census questions and partly due to their increased capability to use the information. As a result, the statistics from the 1991 Census are more extensive than those produced from any previous British population census. This greatly expanded output has been produced within the same overall timescale as for the 1981 Census. 3.In addition to providing statistics direct to users, the Census Offices have sought to enhance the value of the census by co-operating with individuals and organisations undertaking research or developing products which help others to use census statistics, and by entering into business arrangements with organisations to develop and market value-added products. This has enabled users to benefit from the most extensive range of products yet produced from a British census.

 

AU: Korpi, Helena.

TI: Product types and data transmission techniques in population censuses in Finland.

SO: European Workshop on Dissemination of Census Data, Brussels, Belgium, 1995,Topic 3: Product and Support Types, pp

PY: 1995

LA: English

AB: The focus in the product policy of population censuses during the past ten years has shifted from publications to other products chiefly targeted to specified groups of clients, such as product packages and tailored special compilations as well as diskette and CD products accompanied by reading programmes which are produced subject to charge. The table packages for municipalities have become the main product of population censuses; the tables can be produced and sent immediately after the completion of data, the table can be sent in the form desired by the client and the data can be produced at a more detailed level, e.g. divided into sub-areas defined by the municipality.

 

AU:

TI: Seletuskiri: prooviloenduse ettevalmistamisest ja 1997.a. rahvaloenduse teenistuse eelarvest.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: Eesti

AB: Seletuskiri on esitatud Vabariigi Valitsuse Rahvaloenduskomisjonile Riigi Statistikaameti rahvaloenduse teenistuse poolt 29.05.1996.a. Rahvaloenduse eesmärgiks on: saada mingil ajamomendil (loenduse kriitilisel momendil) rahvastiku ( alalise elanikkonna) seisundit iseloomustavad tõepärased andmed riigi rahvastiku-, sotsiaal- ja majanduspoliitika üldsuundade väljatöötamiseks. Rahvaloenduse tulemused jäävad baasiks rahvastiku jooksvale arvestusele. Vastavalt rahvaloenduse korraldamise metoodikale (ÜRO soovitused), rahvusvahelisele praktikale ning eelnevate loenduste kogemusele, on vajalik enne rahvaloendust korraldada kuni kaks prooviloendust (Eesti oludes -- vähemalt üks prooviloendus hiljemalt kaks aastat enne rahvaloendust 2000.a., seega 1998. a. I kvartalis.)

 

AU: Tepp, L.

TI: Linnades ja alevites olev kartograafiline materjal ning selle kasutamise võimalused rahvaloenduse otstarbel digitaalsete arvutikaartide koostamiseks

SO:

PY: 1996

AB: Kui varasematel rahvaloendustel koostati kartograafiline materjal linnade, alevite ja tiheasustusega maa-asulate (alevike) ja hõreasustusega maaterritooriumi kohta koos majavalduste nimekirjadega selleks, et koostada rahvaloenduse organiseerimisplaan (teha loenduslik rajoneerimine, võttes arvesse iga majavalduse võimalikku elanike arvu sissekirjutuse järgi ja voodikohti ajutise viibimise kohtades ning institutsioonilistes leibkondades), samuti loendajate tööpiirkondade piiritlemiseks ja loendajate orienteerumiseks maastikul, siis tulevasel 2000.a. rahvaloenduse, lisaks eelpoolnimetatud eesmärkidele ja vajadustele, kujunevad digitaalsed arvutikaardid ühtlasi rahvaloenduse GIS-i (geograafilise infosüsteemi) kartograafiliseks aluseks, kus iga alaline elanik saab olema seotud elukoha asukohaga. Nii on võimalik kujutada kaardil rahvastiku paiknemist, paiknemistihedust, rahvastiku koosseisu erinevusi ning muid tunnuseid, iseloomustada maakonna,omavalitsusüksuse, asula, loendusüksuse, elamukvartali või isegi maja tasandil. Digitaliseeritud aluskaart arvutis võimaldab selle kasutamist ka igasuguste muude objektide ja statistiliste andmete sidumiseks kartograafiaga.

 

AU:

TI: Rahvaloenduse andmetöötluse maksumuse hinnang, I etapi vahearuanne.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: Eesti

AB: ntud töö püüab anda hinnangu Eesti Rahvaloenduse infotöötluse mahule. Peab kohe ütlema, et ülesande lahendamine täna lähtub meie tänastest teadmistest. Infotehnoloogia on tänapäeval kõige kiiremini arenev valdkond. Tõenäoliselt on võimalused infotöötluseks aastal 2000 hoopis paremad kui täna. Sellest on ka antud töös lähtutud. Samas sõltub rahvaloenduse infotehnoloogiline pool sellest, kui hästi on lahendatud rahvaloenduse läbiviimise kogu metoodika. Infotehnoloogia on siin abistav, mitte reegleid määrav, haru. Kogu Rahvaloendus on väga üldisel tasemel kaheetapiline: esimene etapp on andmete kogumine ja teine etapp on andmete töötlemine ja analüüs. Rahvaloenduse andmete kogumise valmis süsteeme ei ole meil kusagilt võtta (osta). See tuleb meie tingimuste jaoks ise välja töötada. Kogu rõhk loodavas rahvaloenduse infosüsteemis peab olema fokusseeritud maksimaalselt täpsete sndmete saamisele. 1998 aastal toimuv prooviloendus peab loodud süsteemi kontrollima ja täpstama ressursside vajadusi. Antud töö on üles ehitatud selliselt, et kõigepealt kirjeldatakse rahvaloenduse infosüsteemi loomise põhimõtteid, millele järgnevalt antakse hinnang ressursside vajadustest.

 

AU:

TI: Ettevõtteregister; Enterprises Register.

SO: Eesti Statistikaameti Aastaraamat, 1996, lk.14.

PY: 1996

LA: Eesti, English.

AB:

 

AU: Petermann, A.

TI: Hooneregistri seisust Eestis.

SO:

PY: 1996

LA: Eesti

AB:

 

AU:

TI: Introduction, Methodology, Topics for the 2 000 Population and Housing Censuses.

SO: Draft recommendations for the 2 000 Round of Population and Housing Censuses in the ECE Region,1996, pp 1-11.

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: The recommendations for the year 2 000 round of population and housing censuses in the ECE region set out in this document were drawn up at joint ECE/Eurostat meetings on population and housing censuses convened over the 1995-96 period under the programmes of work of the Conference of European Statisticians, the Committee on Human Settlements of the Economic Commission for Europe and Eurostat. The conclusions reached by these meetings concerning the contents of the "2 000" recommendations for the ECE region (are expected to be) endorsed by the Conference of European Statisticians at its forty-fifth plenary session in June 1997 and by the Committee on Human Settlements at its fifty-eight session in September 1997.The Conference (is also expected) to authorize the publication of the recommendations in its Statistical Standards and Studies series jointly with Eurostat. The recommendations have also been approved by Eurostat for use as a guide by the EU countries. The recommendations for the ECE region were developed within the framework of the 2 000 World Population and Housing Census Programme, pursuant to resolution 1995/7 adopted by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations on 19 July 1995. Censuses as complete counts are indispensable for providing statistical information on the population, labour force and housing situation on a uniform basis for small areas and sub-groups of the population. Sample surveys cannot fully provide equivalent data but they can Registers might be a valid alternative as far as they contain the relevant topics, definitions and classifications and cover the entire population, but for this to occur they must be legally and technically accessible for statistical purposes. The scope of the recommendations is limited to the following three elements: (a) a list of "core" topics which countries should cover in their censuses, and recommended definitions and classifications for each of the core topics; (b) a list of " non core" topics which countries may wish to consider including in their censuses, and suggested definitions and/or classifications for some of the non core topics and (c) a recommended basic tabulation programme, with illustrative sketches of the scope and contents of the recommended tabulations. The ECE recommendations do not cover in detail such questions as the definition and essential features of a census; the planning, organization and administration of a census, etc.

 

AU: Houssay, P.

TI: Relations between INSEE and the ING (Institut Géographique National)

SO: Joint meeting with the National Statistical Offices and National Mapping Agencies, Luxembourg, 1996, Doc. GISCO/96/2,

PY: 1996

LA: English :

AB:

 

AU: Meakings, Brian and Rhind, David. : pp

TI: Co-operation and inter-relationships between the British National Statistical and Mapping Agencies.

SO: Joint meeting with the National Statistical Offices and National Mapping Agencies, Luxembourg, 1996, Doc. GISCO/96/3,

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: It is self-evident that geography is of vital interest to map-makers, statisticans and decision-makers alike. geographical differentiation drives much policy, whether it is in terms of the economiy, the environment, defence or much else: the very rationale for having a government requires good information, much of it geographically referenced. To that extent, the symbiosis between those responsible for the official description of the country's geography and those charged with collection geographically differentiated statistics is of great national importance. Moreover, its importance is increasing as information is increasingly stored in computer, rather than paper, from. This paper describes the roles and contributions of the UK mapping agencies and of the Office for National Statistics. In addition, however, the role of the Interdepartmental Group for Geographic Information (IGGI) is described since this makes an important contribution in regard to government's geospatial data. New developments in relation to the National Geospatial Database are also outlined since this involves both public and private sectors.

 

AU: Carlquist, Tornbiörn and Petrusson, Tommy.

TI: Relations between Statistics Sweden and National Land Survey.

SO: Joint meeting with the National Statistical Offices and National Mapping Agencies, Luxembourg, 1996, Doc. GISCO/96/4,

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB:

 

AU:

TI: Census Geography as applied by the Member States.

SO: Joint meeting with the National Statistical Offices and National Mapping Agencies, Luxembourg, 1996, Doc. GISCO/96/5,

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: This document is the first step in process that will eventually lead Eurostat to a proposal for a common building block in small area statistics. Supporting this document is a literature review summarised in the form of Country Reports and a questionnaire, the responses to which will help complete the picture of the state of the art in the Member States. The focus is a review of the Basic Territorial Units (BTU) and how they are defined and used in the different Member States. Within this study framework is an overview of the current practices for geo-referencing small area statistics (also known as infra-regional statistics) and the methods for presenting the spatial results of statistical analysis are discussed. The discussion will focus on three topic areas: input, processing and output.

 

AU:

TI: Administrative and statistical definitions: implications of the use of statistics in GIS; (NUTS 5.)

SO: Joint meeting with the National Statistical Offices and National Mapping Agencies, Luxembourg, 1996, Doc. GISCO/96/6,

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: This document concerns the local area unit, its administrative and statistical definition and how the use and analysis of statistical data combined with administrative boundary data in a Geographic Information System is affected by the differences in definition. The document contains a problem statement and overview of the main findings in the Member States. In parallel with the development of the SIRE database, GISCO (Geographic Information System of the Comission of the European Communities) is constructing a boundary database corresponding to the local units used in the SIRE database. The final aim is to represent and use the SIRE statistics in a Geographic Information System. For the construction of GISCO's commune boundaries database the SAB:E (Seamless Administrative Boundaries of Europe) database has been acquired from MEGRIN. The SAB:E database is especially designed for the representation of statistics. However, the integration if GISCO commune boundaries database with the SIRE statistical database showed that, although both databases contain data on the same administrative level, not exactly the same definition is used. These observations mainly relate to the delimitation of the local unit and its surface area. Main differences are especially related to the handling of water bodies (coastal zones and inner water bodies). Often the area of Water bodies is included within the administrative limits of the local area unit, but is not taking into account for statistical purposes (especially in the domain of population statistics). Futhermore the statistical definition of surface area varies throughout the Member States. Some Member States provide only total surface area statistics while other differentiate as well between land and water surfaces. For the majority of the Member States the National Statistical Institutes are not in charge for the measurement of the surface area. It is the responsibility of the National Cadastral Institutes or National Mapping Agencies who deliver the figures to the National Statistical Institutes. The results of the use and analysis of local area statistics in a Geographic Information System is affected by these different definitions of the surface area. Obvious examples are the representation of statistics in maps and algorithms based on density and contiguity.

 

AU: Lakson, M.

TI: Rahvaloenduskaardi koht riiklikus geoinfosüsteemis,Lisa lepingule Nr. 21; 28.04.95.

SO:

PY:

LA:

AB:

 

AU: Mäe, T.

TI: Electronic Data Processing technology in Estonian census.

SO: The Second Baltic Census Seminar: 2 000 Census Baltic Seminar, Jûrmala, 19-23 August 1996.

PY:

LA: English

AB:

 

AU: Laast-Laas, J.

TI: Census Data Processing Issues Estonian Viewpoint.

SO: The Second Baltic Census Seminar: 2 000 Census Baltic Seminar, Jûrmala, 19-23 August 1996.

PY: 1996

LA: English

AB: Administrative registers can and should be used in preparation of the initial census file. (Population Register; Business registers, Building and Dwelling Registers, registers of the Ministry of social Affairs and various other databases of professional groups as medical personnel, engineers, teachers etc.)

 

 

 


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